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Real Estate Cycle: Understanding The Four Phases

Real Estate Cycle: Understanding The Four Phases

If you’re a real estate investor, it’s crucial to keep an eye on the current real estate market. At both microeconomic and macroeconomic scales and be aware of where you are within the cycle. The market for housing is tightly linked to the overall economy. But, you shouldn’t conclude that the market for housing is performing well. Because the economy overall is performing well. Or because commercial property markets have been stable.

The real estate market is highly complex and intricate. The good thing is that you can achieve success as an investor. No matter which phase of the market cycle we’re in. there are strategies that can aid you in making the most out of every phase. Use an area calculator for easy calculation.

Read on to learn how the real estate market operates, the various periods, and the best way you can most effectively plan for each phase.

What Is The Real Estate Cycle?

The cycle of real estate is a series of four phases that provides information on the state of the residential and commercial real market. The four phases include recovery expansion, hyper-supply, and recession. The land area calculator makes calculation super easy.

The roots of the term date back to nearly one hundred years ago when analysts began to research patterns in the market for housing. As the federal policy became more strict during the last century the real estate cycle changed. Slowing to the level we see now.

This cycle is utilized by a range of experts in real estate to forecast the ideal time to buy or hold, or even sell. Investors typically employ the real estate cycle however agents, buyers tenants, and others in the field might benefit from it as well.

Importance Of The Real Estate Cycle

The cycle of real estate provides reliable information on the potential return on investing in a property. For investors, you must be able to determine if the investment property falls in expansion, recovery hyper-supply, or recession period of the market. 

By doing this, you will be able to make a more precise estimation of the amount of duration the property has to be held for and the appropriate exit strategy. In addition, the real estate cycle will help you determine the appreciation and income performance that an investment will provide. This allows you to better determine the best time to invest in major improvements.

  • Phases of the Real Estate Cycle

The real estate cycle is comprised of four phases: expansion, recovery hyper supply, and recession. This suggests the fact that there hasn’t been a prolonged hyper-supply or expansion period without a recession which was followed by a recovery. This could cause some stress for you as a real estate investor, but don’t worry! The best part is that investing strategies allow you to be successful in investing through these cycles.

1. Recovery

The process of identifying the recovery phase of the cycle isn’t easy because the majority of the country will suffer from the consequences of the recession and face a negative outlook. The rate of growth in the rental will be stagnant without any signs of construction. But, this is the time when real estate investors need to be on guard and respond quickly when they see indications of improvement. This is an ideal opportunity to buy below-market-worth properties that are in different states of physical or financial trouble. You can hold off for the remainder of the recovery time by enhancing these properties to ensure that they are ready for sale or rent them out as the economy enters the expansion phase. It’s all in the timing.

2. Expansion

The general economic situation is improving and job growth is booming and there is a growing demand for housing and space. The expansion phase is the time when people will begin getting back their faith in the economic system. Therefore, property prices, as well as individuals who rent and buy homes will start to see demand again. When the market is in an upward trend, it’s beneficial to put your money to develop or renovate properties that are geared to the market’s needs and are sold for more than what the market is worth.

3. Hyper Supply

Developers and investors are in an uproar during the expansion phase. In order to ensure that the supply can meet increasing demand. There will be the point at which the supply of goods and services begins to outpace demand. Whether due to an oversupply of inventory being sold on the market or as a result of an abrupt change in the economy that causes demand decreases. 

For investors, you have a chance to remain vigilant. Many property owners sell their inventory due to the fear that their properties could be abandoned or not sold. This is the perfect opportunity to adopt an opportunistic approach and identify properties you believe. That will perform very well in the coming real property cycle. It is an ideal moment to consider implementing the strategy of buying and holding to ensure you have promising properties in the market when it’s the perfect opportunity to sell once more.

4. Recession

The recession phase is something that we’re well-versed in. The financial crisis of the 2000s’ early years that was followed by a prolonged recession, left the nation in a state of shock for a long time. In a period of recession, there is a surplus of supply over the demand by a large margin, and property owners are afflicted with excessive vacancy rates. 

Furthermore renting increasing and some landlords are required to reduce their rent to attract renters affected by the economic slump. For investors, it’s a good idea to build up an emergency fund to cover the next recession. It is not the right time to be sat back and be unhappy about the state of the economy. The recession is an opportunity to buy houses that have been damaged at a huge discount. 

There is a rise in real estate-owned properties, which are properties that were confiscated and then foreclosed by lenders. This is your chance to purchase a great property with huge savings. You can put these properties on hold (or increase their value if you feel it is appropriate). In order to make them in good condition to be sold when the economy starts to rebound.

  • Factors Affecting the Real Estate Market Cycles

A variety of factors impact the market for real estate in such a way that it’s almost impossible to give an exact list. 

However, experts acknowledge that the following elements are among the major factors:


The demographics of people, as well as major changes in this composition, can impact an economy in a dramatic way. For instance, the retirement of the baby boomers is likely to cause significant changes to the housing market because many people are looking to move out or downsize to areas of vacation.

Rates of interest: 

These rates significantly affect potential homebuyers’ purchasing potential. When rates of interest are excessive, it can act as a deterrent to many potential buyers not buying. In contrast, when interest rates are lower. It can cause a rise in home-buying activity since the cost over the long term of financing a house is less.

General economic health: 

The overall state of the economy is equally important in predicting the cycle of the housing market. In general, when the economy is performing well or is on the rise the consumers are more inclined to purchase homes. They believe that their wealth will increase. And they are willing to bet the value of their property will remain on the upward trend. In general, if the overall economic situation is good and property prices are performing well. In the event that the overall economy becomes weak. And property prices are likely to be affected.

Policies of the government can intervene through policies to stimulate a market that is especially slow or is during an extended recession. The policymakers are able to establish tax deductions or tax credits. As well as subsidies as well as other programs for homebuyers to encourage consumers to buy real properties. These kinds of governance systems could significantly impact the US market for housing.

How Long is the Average Real Estate Cycle?

Researchers have discovered that the typical real estate cycle is 18 years. But the term “average” in this case is not a strict definition as real estate cycles are unpredictable and certain cycles can last greater than the others. 

We are currently in the 10th year of what analysts refer to as a bull market. Which is a time when prices are rising. In the last few years, many have said repeatedly that the market would slow. However, we’ve yet to see the slowdown.


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