Indoor farming has become a popular method of farming nowadays. It gives lots of advantages to both farmers and consumers. It has become the necessity of today’s world as it has benefits at large. In addition, this article will discuss every important aspect of indoor agriculture, from how it works to its benefits and challenges.
Meaning of Indoor Farming
Firstly we need to understand the method called indoor farming. This is now a popular term. It’s a method in which farmers grow crops, usually on a large scale, entirely indoors. This cultivation process often implements growing procedures like hydroponics and utilizes artificial lights to provide plants with the necessary nutrients and light levels required for growth. This farming is a solution for many problems like food security, and it also helps in production with fewer expenses.
Indoor farming solves the concern of limited space, as certain plants can be grown in smaller areas. For instance, in vertical agriculture, every amenity is developed to reduce the need for utilizing land by a hundred-fold. Moreover, indoor farming is less expensive than outdoor farming. There is no use of heavy machines, including tractors, which are costly too, but nowadays, one can buy effective yet affordable tractors such as Swaraj 744 FE.
How does it work?
Now let us discuss how indoor farming works and analyze it in detail.
When you grow the crops in vertical greenhouses, it starts transpiration, making it easy to reuse the water for irrigation purposes. As a result, the chances of water wastage become minimal, and therefore, this method is helpful in resource conservation.
Indoor vertical farms are fully enclosed rooms that use artificial lights and consist of vertical growing systems. Some vertical farms use techniques where natural sunlight is augmented with artificial lighting and metal reflectors. Some of the important players in indoor farming are AeroFarms (US), Sky Greens (Singapore), Illumitex, Inc. (the US), and Philips Lighting (Netherlands). as we analyze how indoor farming works now, let us look at the advantages of indoor agriculture in detail.
Advantages of Indoor Farming
As we have discussed the meaning of indoor farming along with how it works?. Now let us describe the major advantages of indoor farming.
One of the advantages of This Farming is its higher productivity compared to conventional farming methods. Enclosed facilities used in indoor agriculture create optimum growing conditions for farmers to grow a crop in lesser time and obtain higher productivity in each cycle with limited land area.
Low cost is one of the essential advantages of vertical farming. It consists of low labour costs as compared to usual farming methods. However, the machinery is reasonable nowadays, as tractors are now available at affordable rates, such as the Mahindra Jivo 365. No use of chemical pesticides is one of the essential advantages of this farming. It gives organic food, which is in demand nowadays, and it reduces the cost of these pesticides. Now we can see indoor agriculture has many advantages, but on the other hand, it faces lots of challenges too. Let us look at the challenges before it.
Challenges Before Indoor Farming
There are lots of challenges before indoor farming; we need to resolve them for the proper functioning of this method.
Lack of Adequate Funding
In many agricultural businesses, finding an investor is very difficult, and this might act as a challenge, leading to fewer investors in indoor farming. Furthermore, limited funding slows down R&D for indoor agriculture in public institutions and universities, limiting the availability of information, which would otherwise encourage cultivators to invest.
Lack of Knowledge
It is a primary concern for indoor farming. There is little knowledge among people about this farming.
Complexity of Lighting
It is a severe concern for indoor farming. One of the most prominent reasons the indoor farming industry has expanded in the last several years is the falling price of light-emitting diode (LED) lights. LED lighting provides the same amount of illumination as fluorescent light, but it needs half the amount of energy.
There is a lot of research nowadays into studies related to the interaction between crops and the light spectrum. Horticultural lighting is very complex. Plants react uniquely to different ranges of light and colour at other points in their growing cycle. There is ongoing research and data collection to make vertical farming economically viable and energy-efficient.
By all these facts discussed above, we can conclude that this farming is the future of agriculture. It has many advantages for both farmers and consumers. However, there are a lot of challenges too before it. So we need to look at all the concerns very seriously to use them to the full extent and try to resolve them as soon as possible.
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