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How many types of Solar PV modules are available in India?

How many types of Solar PV modules are available in India?

In this article, we will discuss the types of Solar PV Modules. Nowadays, the use of solar power systems is increasing day by day for numerous reasons as the increased electric cost, low-cost solar systems, etc. These reasons have changed the perspective of people toward solar systems. Solar systems are available for homes, small industries, and large firms too. People install solar panels to save energy and cost.

In this article, we will tell you about the types of solar PV modules, so you can understand them correctly and can decide the best one as per your requirements.

A solar power system is very necessary for a home for a wide variety of reasons. It’s probable that lowering the expenses of energy and making improvements to the environment and the community around us are the most important. Today many people are aware that solar energy represents a significant improvement in operational efficacy. It also has the potential to reduce the property’s carbon impact while simultaneously increasing its value. The idea that you will run out of a finite resource sooner if you utilize it consistently is one that we are all familiar with. Solar energy offers you the opportunity to preserve a healthy environment by relying only on this renewable resource, which will never run out. In addition to this, it makes us dependent on energy that reduces the amount of fossil fuel we consume.

What exactly is the Solar PV and how does it function?

Solar energy may be converted into electrical energy by using PV materials and equipment. A single photovoltaic (PV) device is referred to as a cell. A single photovoltaic (PV) cell is generally rather tiny and generates only around 1 or 2 watts of electricity at most. These cells are built of diverse semiconductor materials and are typically smaller than the thickness of four human hairs. For cells to be able to endure the elements for a significant amount of time, they are encased in a mix of polymers and/or glass and sandwiched between two layers of protection.

Types of Solar PV modules are available in India

There are three primary categories of solar photovoltaic (PV) systems with accompanying battery storage: grid-tied, grid/hybrid, and off-grid. The Solar PV module price of these three are quite reasonable, and they all are very useful. Also, they each have their own set of benefits, and the decision ultimately boils down to the customer’s existing energy source and the outcomes they want to achieve by using the system.

Let’s have a look at three distinct varieties of solar systems.

1. Solar photovoltaic systems that are connected to the grid

Solar energy may be converted into alternating current (AC) electricity using a photovoltaic (PV) system that is linked to the grid. This kind of PV system is also known as a utility-interactive PV system. The photovoltaic effect, which occurs when sunlight strikes solar panels, results in the production of direct current (DC) energy. Through the use of a DC-DC converter, the overall photovoltaic DC voltage that is produced by the solar panels may be converted to a higher DC level.

2. Independent or Off-Grid Photovoltaic Systems

The power supply for a photovoltaic (PV) system that is not connected to the grid may be either direct current (DC) or alternating current (AC). In all configurations, the PV system operates autonomously with respect to the utility grid. If DC loads are connected to the solar PV system, then the solar panels can provide the DC voltage, or a DC-DC converter may be used to convert the photovoltaic energy to higher DC levels. If DC loads are not connected, then the solar PV system cannot supply the DC voltage. The direct current to direct current converter increases the PV voltage to a level that is appropriate for the DC loads. The number of solar panels needed for the PV system may be cut down if a DC-DC converter is included in it.

3. Hybrid PV Systems

A hybrid photovoltaic (PV) system is a mix of different sources of electricity to increase the amount of power that is available and the amount of power that may be used. A system like this one may harness energy from a wide variety of sources, including the wind, the sun, and even hydrocarbons. Additionally, in order to make hybrid photovoltaic systems as efficient as possible, a battery is often used to back them up. The use of a hybrid system comes with several distinct benefits.

The presence of several energy sources ensures that the operation of the system will not be affected by the failure of any one energy supply. In the event that, for example, the prevailing conditions are not suitable for the generation of an adequate amount of solar energy, the photovoltaic array can charge the battery. In a similar vein, a wind turbine can fulfill the needs of the battery’s charging process even when the weather is gloomy or windy. It is advisable to install hybrid photovoltaic systems in remote areas that have a restricted ability to connect to the grid.

So, now you know the types of Solar PV Modules and their function of Solar PV Modules.

Conclusion

Several of the solar photovoltaic (PV) systems that are covered above may be beneficial in a variety of situations. Therefore, when it comes to selecting the best, you need to take into consideration the demands of your use as well as your financial situation.

We hope you enjoyed this article and got some interesting information about Solar PV Modules.

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