Another name of tamarind in India is imli, which is famous for its tangy taste. Tamarind is one of the elements used in Indian curries, chutneys, sauces, and soups for sweet and sour flavour. Tamarind is sweetish and acidic, and its paste has laxative properties. Tender leaves, flowers and seeds used as herbs in India. Tamarind kernel medicine also used as a sizing element in the skin and textile industry. This roots yield fatty oil used in cosmetics and varnishes. Tamarind wood also used for multi-purpose like in tool holders, agricultural tools. It grown in most states in India, but highly contributing states are Telangana, Bihar, Tamil Nadu, Odisha, Andhra Pradesh, and Maharashtra. For performing Tamarind cultivation, there are many farming equipments available such as Power Tiller and others.
Tamarind Varieties in India
Following are only some variations possible in India.
PKM1: This is an early type that yields about 270 to 300 kg pods/tree with a pulp content of 40%. If the plants are separated at 10 meters by 10 meters, they yield 25 tonnes of pods /ha.
Urigam: This is a local type having a tangy taste and long pods.
Tamarind Climate Required
It begins well in semi-arid tropical regions with an average annual rainfall of 5 to 15 centimetres. This tree also can grown in heavy rainfall areas with good organic soil drainage. Generally, the maximum height of tamarind is 1000 meters leading to the mean sea level.
Tamarind Plantation Soil Requirement
Tamarind trees thrive best in dark loamy and alluvial soils. The best part of this tree is that it can produced in poor soils. Tamarind allows the soil pH of 4.5 to 9.0. For improving the quality of soil, many implements are used like Power Weeder, rotavator and many more.
Sowing Method of Tamarind
The Tamarind seeds planted in lines 25 cm apart on the nursery beds. Seeds usually take a week to develop, and 3 to 4 months old seedlings transplanted to the main field. For actual type plants, grafting and budding used, and they can raised in polythene bags. The best planting time for tamarind plantations is from June to Nov. Pits size of 1-meter x 1-meter x meter should dug at a distance of 10-meter x 10 meters. Farmyard fertiliser of 15 to 20 kg per pit should applied by incorporating it in the topsoil. After seedlings reconditioned to the field, frequent watering required to build the plants.
Tamarind Irrigation requirement
Irrigation should taken out as soon as the seedlings separated in the main field. Then, depending on the soil moisture-holding capacity, watering should be provided. So it does not require any water in the rainy season. In the case of water stagnation, make sure to drain out the water from the soil, mainly at the beginning of the planting stage.
Tamarind Weed Control
The field should made weed-free in the initial stages, and this can achieved by ploughing the land a couple of times until it reaches the delicate tilth stage. Mulching also can stop the growth of weeds and prevent water loss.
Harvesting of Tamarind
The plants produced from seedlings can start growing from the 8th year, whereas the plants from grafts and buildings can start making from the 4th year. Then, hand-picking or defeat with a stick can prepared as part of the harvesting tamarind fruit. For better harvesting, Earth Auger is used, and because of Earth Auger Price, farmers are attracted towards the implement.
Benefits of Tamarind
The tamarind tree is much valued in many parts of the world for its beauty and fruit. Tamarinds are leguminous trees because they produce fruit in the form of a bean-like pod. This bean includes a dry pulp that becomes very sweet as it ripens. People eat the fruit raw and also use its pulp in cooking.
The tamarind tree’s leaves, bark, wood and beans have many advantages. For example, tamarind an element in the sauce used in many dishes in Asia.
It uses tamarind in regular medicine, but its therapeutic uses require more investigation. For example, tamarind pulp includes many nutrients that can boost your health.
Reducing Cancer Risk
One of them is reducing the risk of cancer. This is because antioxidants can prevent free radicals from damaging cell D.N.A. Scientists think that many diseases begin with an injury to D.N.A. In addition, phytochemicals found in plants have antioxidant qualities.
For Brain Health
The category of B vitamins contains eight different vitamins that function similarly. All are water-soluble, so the body doesn’t store them. Therefore, you should get enough B vitamins in your diet without supplements. The entire range of B vitamins is essential for good health. Tamarind is rich in B vitamins, particularly thiamine and folate. Like other plants, tamarind does not include B12.
For Tissue Health
The body develops and repairs tissues. However, some amino acids required, meaning that the body can’t manufacture them, so people must get them from food. Tamarind involves significant amounts of all the wanted amino acids except tryptophan. Therefore, it meets the types of the W.H.O. for an ideal protein for the other amino acids. However, researchers are uncertain how well the body can absorb all the nutrients found in tamarind.
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