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Cashew Cultivation in India with Complete Guidelines

Cashew Cultivation in India

Cashew is a type of tree whose fruits, after drying, give production in the form of nuts. Cashew nuts are considered very popular for dry fruits. It is used in food, as well as it is also used for making and decorating many types of sweets. In this, cashews are ground and used to make the sweet of Kaju Katli. Apart from this, cashew is also used in making liquor. Therefore cashew crop is grown on a large scale commercially, and it is also a big business of export. Massey 7250 tractor model is best for preparing the land.

Many nutrients are found in cashew, which is very beneficial for human health. Cashew trees grow up to 14 to 15 meters tall. Its trees take three years to produce. Apart from cashew, its peel is also used. Paints and lubricants are prepared from their peels. Cultivation of cashew is proving to be very beneficial for the farmer brothers in the present time.

How to Cultivate Cashew

Cashew cultivation was first done in Brazil. It grows well in tropical places. Its cultivation is considered good in areas with average temperature. Cashew cultivation should be done at 750 meters above sea level. For the production of fruits, its crop has to be protected from moisture or winter because its yield is affected due to water and cold.

Soil for cashew cultivation

In its cultivation, ocean floor red and laterite soil is considered suitable for its crop. For this reason, it is produced more in the coastal areas of South India. Apart from this, its cultivation can be done in many soils with good care. For making the soil more fertile Massey 1035 tractor model is used. 

Climate and Temperature 

A tropical climate is considered best in cashew cultivation, and its yield is excellent in places like hot and humid climates. However, the cashew crop requires more rain. 600-4500 mm for its plants to grow well. A shower is required. In cashew crops, the yield is affected due to more winter and summer than average, and winter frost also damages its crop.

Method of ploughing the field and preparing the plants

Before doing cashew cultivation, the field should be well ploughed deeply so that all the old crop residues should be removed. After this, it should be pushed twice deep and diagonally.  To make the field’s soil friable, make it flat by running a rotavator in the area. After this, keeping the same distance, make pits in rows. In a field of one hectare, about 500 holes can be prepared to keep a distance of 4 meters between each cavity.

After this, cow dung manure in these pits should be mixed in the soil well by adding the appropriate amount. Along with this, add the proper amount of chemical fertilizers in the holes and mix them in the soil. Finally, all the pits should be appropriately irrigated after all these activities, and these pits should be covered.

Planting Method

The pits are prepared a month before the cashew plants are planted in the field. After this, before producing the plants in the holes, the weeds present in the pits should be removed by weeding. After this, a small pit should be made in these pits, and plants should be planted in it, then after that, it should be covered well all around.

Transplanting cashew plants in the rainy season does not require initial irrigation. Due to this, the growth of plants is good, and the plants grow big too quickly.

Fertilizer and Irrigation

Cashew plants require more nutrients to grow. For this reason, its plants should be given the proper amount of fertilizer. Before planting the plants, the pits should be prepared. While preparing the holes, fill the cavities by adding dung manure. Along with this, add half a kilo of N.P.K to the soil and mix it. This whole process is done one month before planting the plants. 

Planting cashew plants in the rainy season does not require the first irrigation. However, they should be irrigated at an interval of 10 to 12 days in the winter season after the rainy season is over. The plants should be irrigated for three to four days in the same summer season.

Weed Control

To control weeds, weeding should be done in cashew fields. After this, when weeds are seen in the area from time to time, then do its hoeing. Weeding – Good growth of plants can be done by controlling weeds by hoeing.

Production and Earnings

Cashew plants start flowering after three years of transplanting, and after two months of flowering, the fruits are ready. It is also called the cashew apple. Cashew nuts are kidney-shaped in appearance. After the ripening of the fruit, red-yellow flowers appear on the kernel. Cashew kernels are poisonous. They are made edible by the technical process. First of all, their fruits are sorted and dried well in the sun, after which they are processed and prepared for eating.

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