Tulsi is a holy plant to Indians, and tulsi taken as a medicinal plant and comes from the Lamiaceae family. Tulsi’s binomial name is Ocimum tenuiflorum which is native to the Indian subcontinent. Basil farming is done throughout the year in the Southeast Asian tropics. Tulsi is considered for medicinal purposes all over India. It is grown and raised by every Indian family due to religious worship.
Tulsi With Its Properties
- Tulsi is a natural plant that grows only 50 cm in height.
- The essential components of the tulsi plant are the flowering tops, leaves and stems.
- This plant short-lived due to its vertical structure.
- The work of this plant is that its stem is herbaceous when the plant is an infant or young, but when it gets older or becomes mature, it turns woody.
- The leaves of this plant are broad and oval in shape, having 5-8 cm long.
- This plant bears purple and small white coloured flowers arranged at the end of branches. These flowers shown in the summer season.
- The flower on the plant produces seeds that self-planted in nature and germinate quickly. Along with this, the colour of the sources is brown or black.
Varieties of Tulsi Plant
- Tulsi commercial varieties found based on essential oil or dried leaves.
- In India, there two varieties of tulsi grown on a large scale: Sri Tulsi, the green type, and Krishna Tulsi, the purple kind.
- French tulsi is sweet in flavour and dark in colour.
- American tulsi has a sweet and good quality leaf with rich colour
- Egyptian tulsi also called African basil, and it has a camphoraceous fragrance that is less expensive.
- The other varieties there are Takashimaya Tulsi, Vana Tulsi, Drudriha Tulsi, Babi Tulsi and Kapoor Tulsi available for growing in India.
- Some producers grown from seeds such as sweet basil, purple foliage basil and lemon basil.
Tulsi Soil Requirement
For tulsi, fertile soil with high organic texture and with better draining properties preferred growing. The pH level of water for the soil should be 4.3 to 8.2. This type of soil required for farming, rich in loam, saline, alkaline soil and poor laterite. If there is too much alkalinity or salinity in the soil has to ignored. For enhancing soil fertility, Power Weeder is used and offers productive farming.
For Tulsi Climatic Requirement
Climatic conditions for tulsi growing needed in a warm climate, especially subtropical regions considered most suitable for tulsi plants due to its suitable climatic conditions. Tulsi needs a temperature of 20˚C when the germination period of a plant, and it requires an average temperature of 7 to 27˚C when the growing period of the plant. It grows better in full sun conditions. The Tulsi plant can also grown in shady situations, producing leaves with low oil content. The tissue of the plant is immature, and it doesn’t allow drought conditions. The minimum annual rainfall needed by the plants is about 700 mm. The plant can develop at an altitude of 900 m.
Tulsi Plant Propagation Techniques
Tulsi plants propagated by seeds or by plant cutting. Seed propagation done by planting them in suitably formed nursery beds. The nursery beds have to be in a partial shade region with an adequate supply of water. The soil in the nursery has to worked to a depth of 30 cm, and it should served well by mixing 2 kg of FYM per sqm. Then, a proper seedbed with approximate dimensions such as 4.5 x 1 x 0.2 m is ready, and the seeds sown before the onset of the monsoon. Germination of tulsi seeds begins in 8 to 12 days. The references must obtained from reputed dealers for cultivation, and care should taken to get fresh seeds for the field. For better soil, a fertility Brush Cutter is efficiently used in farming.
Tulsi land preparation
It is always desirable to test the soil before beginning the cultivation process to understand the requirements of the soil during farming. The land chosen for Tulsi growing has to brought to a fine tilth, and it should supplied with a suggested basal dose of fertilizers. Many systems can prepare the soil, such as ripping, ploughing, cultivating, etc. Organic manure is also provided to the soil at the time of development.
Extreme care needed while harvesting Tulsi to avoid infection at this stage. Sterilize the machine and use it for harvesting and also maintain the collecting bins or baskets clean. The time of harvest is an essential factor on which the nature and quantity of oil composition depend. For example, the flower tops harvested to produce flower oil, superior quality oil and the leaves to produce herb oil.
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